field note

Common Starling roost

June 2020
At the beginning of April, during a sound recording trip, I accidentally came across
a roost of Common Starlings Sturnus v. vulgaris consisting of several hundreds of
During the morning recording session I realised that those songs were differently from
those uttered at night. At night the birds arriving at the roost and and look for a suitable
corner to sleep. Whilst doing this they territorial songs whereas in the morning one can
hear birds uttering social or conversational songs all together.

PFR16479, 200406, Sturnus v. vulgaris, songs at roost,
Greylag Goose Anser a. anser, territorial call, Germany